Any accepted wisdom ?

I will most likley to be getting my first horse in the subsequent 12 months , it is my first horse but i have be horse riding for eleven years , i know what age sex and i want but am not to sure about size or breed i am 5 foot 5 inches and weigh 135 pounds and i am 18, i am looking to compete in cross country jump, this will be my first horse
Answers: The term Thoroughbred describes a breed of horse whose ancestry traces put a bet on to three foundation sires -- the Darley Arabian, the Godolphin Arabian and the Byerly Turk.

Named after their respective owners -- Thomas Darley, Lord Godolphin and Captain Robert Byerly -- these three stallions were brought to England from the Mediterranean Middle East around the turn of the 17th century and bred to the stronger, but smaller amount precocious, native horse.

The result be an animal which could carry mass with sustained speed over extended distances, merits which brought a new dimension to the burgeoning, aristocratically-supported, sport of horse race.

So began a selective breeding process which have been going on for more than 250 years, breeding the best stallions to the best mares, next to the proof of superiority and excellence being established on the see track.

Key to this selective breeding process is the integrity of the breed's records.

In precipitate days, Thoroughbred breeding records be sparse and frequently incomplete, it being the custom, among other things, not to moniker a horse until it had proved outstanding skilfulness. It was vanished to James Weatherby, through his own research and by consolidation of a number of privately-kept pedigree documents, to publish the first volume of the General Stud Book.

He did this in 1791, list the pedigrees of 387 mares, each of which could be traced wager on to Eclipse, a direct descendent of the Darley Arabian; Matchem, a grandson of the Godolphin Arabian; and Herod, whose great-great grandsire was the Byerly Turk. The General Stud Book is still published surrounded by England by Weatherby and Sons, Secretaries to the English Jockey Club.

Several years later, as race proliferated in the fast-expanding continent of North America, the entail for a pedigree registry of American-bred Thoroughbreds, similar to the General Stud Book, became adjectives. The first volume of The American Stud Book was published within 1873, by Col. Sanders D. Bruce, a Kentuckian who had spent almost a lifetime researching the pedigrees of American Thoroughbreds.

Bruce closely followed the outline of the first General Stud Book, producing six volumes of the register until 1896, when the project was taken over by The Jockey Club.

Integrity of The American Stud Book is the foundation on which adjectives Thoroughbred racing contained by North America depends.

Without assurance, beyond all sensible doubt, of the identity of every Thoroughbred which competes, or which is bred with a viewpoint to continuing the breed, the sport of racing as it is agreed today, could not exist. Nor would there be any possibility of measure results of the centuries-old quest to improve the Thoroughbred.

When The Jockey Club published its first volume of the Stud Book the foal crop be about 3,000. By 1986 it exceeded 51,000. The Jockey Club embrace new computer technology to come across the registration challenges posed by such sizeable numbers. Today, The Jockey Club manages one of the most sophisticated computer operation in the country.

Its database holds the name of more than 1.8 million horses on a master pedigree file, name which trace back to the overdue 1800's.

The system also handles day after day results of every Thoroughbred race surrounded by North America, as well as processing electronically-transmitted pedigree and race data from England, Ireland, France and other main Thoroughbred racing countries around the world.

Further giant strides contained by improvement of the integrity of the Stud Book come in 1977, when The Jockey Club, taking supremacy of medical science advances, took the first steps of an extensive blood-typing program. Today every Thoroughbred foal registered surrounded by The American Stud Book, and its sire and dam, is blood-typed to insure parentage certification.

Guardianship of The American Stud Book is a responsibility of The Jockey Club, almost as old as the terribly tradition of racing contained by North America. But its implementation involves some of the most sophisticated developments of the modern scientific era.

Although there are files of horse racing on Long Island as far posterior as 1665, the introduction of organized Thoroughbred racing to North America is traditionally credited to Governor Samuel Ogle of Maryland, through whose instigation race "between pedigreed horses, in the English style" be first staged at Annapolis in 1745.

As the country developed so did Thoroughbred race, spreading across the nation from coast to coast until today the volume of racing within America far outweighs that of any other country in the world. American bloodlines, too, own come to be respected in the four corners of the mud.

What began as a sideline and sporting amusement for the wealthy have now become a worldwide multi-million dollar industry whose financial impact is widely felt at regional and national level. From license fees and direct taxes on pari-mutuel handle Thoroughbred race generates nearly $500 million contained by government revenue respectively year.

But this is relatively minor in comparison to the overall urban and rural monetary contribution made by the wide and adjectives infrastructure of the racing and breeding industry as a unharmed. A recent estimate, for example, put the industry's contribution to the economy of New York State alone at more than $1.8 billion respectively year.

Responding to the aberration of mid-1980's astronomic yearling prices which were fueled by European and Middle East race interests, the annual North American Thoroughbred foal crop peaked at 51,293 in 1986. The decade be to show an overall production increase of 65% on the aggregate crops of the 1970's. But adjustments be inevitable and the foal crop has decrease each year since that dignified point, with The Jockey Club currently projecting a 1993 registered foal crop of approximately 36,700.

There are indications, however, that this vital adjustment has more than served its purpose and that a rationalized and more stable breeding industry can once again look forward to controlled growth.

The average height above sea level of today's Thoroughbred is a little over 16 hand, as opposed to the 14-hand average echelon of the horses from which the breed originated.

But the knob word is "average." Because, for every rule as to what the perfect Thoroughbred should look resembling, there is a victor whose performances disprove it.

The best guidelines for good conformation come from appreciation of what the body is required to do. Four slender legs must pass more than 1,000 pounds of body weight over extended distances, traveling at speeds of 35-40 miles per hour, on the other hand still have the strength and suppleness to respond to change of pace or direction as dictated by race conditions.

But, although mechanical and engineering formulae can be used to means the most desirable dimensions and angles of the body's components, there is no route to measure the most key qualities of Thoroughbred -- its courage, determination and will.

If at hand is one place where these attributes are reflect, it is the shape and carriage of the team leader and the look of the eye. The head should be correctly proportioned to the rest of the body, displaying a apposite flat forehead and wide-set intelligent eyes. Carried relatively low, the head should sit resourcefully on a neck which is somewhat longer and lighter than contained by other breeds.

The withers should be glorious and well-defined, leading to an evenly curved wager on. The shoulder should be deep, well-muscled and sloped along like peas in a pod parallel as that on which the head is carried. From the point of the shoulder, the forearm should show passable muscling which tapers towards a clean-looking knees which in turn taper into the full width of the cannon. This contained by turn should be short and comparatively flat, with the tendons distinctly set out and verbs.

The pastern should be neither too long nor too short and set at an angle a little smaller amount than 45 degrees to the vertical. When view from behind or surrounded by front, the legs should be straight and move smoothly in unison through one plane.

Power comes from the hindquarters and all-important is that the bone structure of the upper hind leg is such as to generate room for long, strong muscling. These driving muscles act between the hip bone and the thigh bone which should be long and the angle it make with the hip bone cavernous.

This powerful muscling of the hip and thigh should continue down through the gaskin. And, finally, the trailing top of the hind cannon should follow a natural plumb line to the point of the buttock.

In 1970, master equine artist, Richard Stone Reeves, be commissioned by the Thoroughbred Record magazine to paint "The Perfect Horse." The resulting composite included the outstanding features of horses like Citation, Buckpasser, Vaguely Noble, Jay Trump and Tiepoletto.

"After more than 20 years of drawing horses all over the world," wrote Reeves, "it took profoundly of reflection to pick the best principal and neck, the finest shoulder, etc., and, within the end, it adjectives only amounts to one man's feelings."

Reeves' comment aptly describes the enigma of what the perfect Thoroughbred should look close to. Because, in the final analysis, no dictatorial rule can ever set down that arrogant yet gorgeous coordination of power and fluid action which is a Thoroughbred within motion.

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Feeding horses and ponies can be confusing, but choosing an appropriate nurture is an essential part of their perfectionism. The horse is naturally a grazing animal and is anatomically designed to get through little and often. In the out of control, they may spend between 16-18 hours each daytime eating, and they enjoy a digestive system designed to process large amounts of fibrous objects. Forage provides an essential foundation upon which the optimum ration for health, growth and nouns or performance should be built.

Feed Little and Often – A horses’ stomach is small and is not designed to cope near large meal, especially cereals. Feed a maximum of 2kg (4lbs) of cereal, coarse mixes or cubes in respectively meal

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Horses surrounded by nature groom themselves and respectively other, with their teeth, by rolling, scratch on branches and other objects. So it is no surprise that when removed from their natural habitat, they stipulation to be groomed.

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