Are here guinea pigs contained by Bonaire?

just wondering. if within are are they like out of control guinea pigs? lol so weird..
Answers: Um...I'm going to read aloud that if there *are* any piggies on Bonaire they be brought there as pets and are domesticated.

Cavies are indigenous to the mountains and grasslands of South America.
The Guinea pig (also commonly call the cavy after its scientific name) is a species of rodent belonging to the loved ones Caviidae and the genus Cavia. Despite their common mark, these animals are not pigs, nor do they come from Guinea. They are native to the Andes, and while no longer extant within the wild, they are closely related to several species that are commonly found contained by the grassy plains and plateaus of the region. The guinea pig plays an important role surrounded by the folk culture of many indigenous South American groups, especially as a food source, but also surrounded by folk medicine and contained by community religious ceremonies.[1] Since the 1960s, hard work have be made to increase consumption of the animal outside South America.[2]

In Western societies, the guinea pig has enjoy widespread popularity as a household pet since its introduction by European traders contained by the 16th century. Their docile nature, their responsiveness to handling and feed, and the relative ease of compassionate for them, continue to brand the guinea pig a popular pet. Organizations devoted to competitive breeding of guinea pigs have be formed worldwide, and many specialized breeds of guinea pig, near varying coat colors and compositions, are cultivated by breeders.

Guinea pig is also used as a metaphor in English for a subject of experimentation; this usage become common surrounded by the first half of the 20th century. Biological experimentation on guinea pigs have been carried out since the 17th century; the animals be frequently used as a model organism in the 19th and 20th centuries, but enjoy since been largely replaced by other rodents such as mice and rats. They are still used contained by research, primarily as models for human medical conditions such as juvenile diabetes, tuberculosis, scurvy, and pregnancy complications.

Whats there history you ask:
The adjectives guinea pig was first domesticated as impulsive as 5000 BC for food by mountain tribes in the Andean region of South America (present-day Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia).[3] Statues dating from ca. 500 BC to 500 AD that depict guinea pigs enjoy been unearth in archaeological digs surrounded by Peru and Ecuador.[4] The Moche people of ancient Peru worshipped animals and recurrently depicted the guinea pig in their art.[5] From ca. 1200 AD to the Spanish conquest contained by 1532, selective breeding resulted in lots varieties of domestic guinea pigs, which form the starting place for some of the modern domestic breeds.[6] They continue to be a food source within the region; most households in the Andean highlands put on a pedestal the animal, which subsists off the family's vegetable bits and pieces in kitchens.[7] Folklore traditions involving guinea pigs are numerous; they are exchanged as gifts, used contained by customary social and religious ceremonies, and frequently referenced contained by spoken metaphors.[8] They also play a role in traditional soothing rituals by folk doctors, or curanderos, who use the animals to diagnose diseases such as jaundice, rheumatism, arthritis and typhus.[9] They are rubbed against the bodies of the sick, and are seen as a supernatural milieu.[10] Black guinea pigs are considered especially useful for diagnoses.[11] The animal may also be cut open out and its entrails examined to determine whether the cure was potent.[12] These methods are widely accepted contained by many parts of the Andes, where on earth Western medicine is any unavailable or distrusted.[13]

Spanish, Dutch and English traders brought guinea pigs to Europe, where on earth they quickly become popular as exotic pets among the upper classes and royalty, including Queen Elizabeth I.[14] The earliest known written sketch of the guinea pig dates from 1547, within a description of the animal from Santo Domingo; because cavies are not native to Hispaniola, the animal must own been introduced within by Spanish travelers.[15] The guinea pig was first described surrounded by the West in 1554 by the Swiss naturalist Konrad Gesner.[16] Its binomial proven name be first used by Erxleben in 1777; it is an amalgam of Pallas's generic designation (1766) and Linnaeus's specific conferral (1758).[15]

Traits and Enviorments

Guinea pigs are colossal for rodents, weighing between 700 and 1200g (1.5-2.5 pounds), and measure between 20 and 25cm (8–10 inches) in length.[26] They typically live an average of four to five years, and occasionally as long as eight years.[27] According to the 2006 Guinness Book of Records the longest living guinea pig survived 14 years, 10.5 months.
In the 1990s, a minority quantifiable opinion emerge proposing that caviomorphs, such as guinea pigs, chinchillas and degus, are not rodents and should be reclassified as a separate order of mammals (similar to lagomorphs).Subsequent research using wider sampling have restored consensus among mammalian biologists that the current classification of rodents as monophyletic is justified.

Natural Habatait

Cavia porcellus is not found intrinsically in the crazy; it is likely nouns from some closely related species of cavies, such as Cavia aperea, Cavia fulgida, and Cavia tschudii, which are still commonly found in many regions of South America. Some species of cavy identified in the 20th century, such as Cavia anolaimae and Cavia guianae, may be domestic guinea pigs that hold become feral by reintroduction into the wild. Wild cavies are found on grassy plains and occupy an green niche similar to that of the cow. They are social, living in the blustery in small groups which consist of several females (sows), a mannish (boar), and the young (which within a break with the preceding porcine nomenclature are call pups). They move together in groups (herds) ingestion grass or other vegetation, and do not store food. While they do not burrow or build nests, they frequently want shelter in the burrows of other animals, as capably as in crevices and tunnels formed by nouns.They are crepuscular, tending to be most helpful during dawn and dusk, when it is harder for predators to spot them


Behavoir

Guinea pigs can revise complex paths to food, and can accurately remember a scholarly path for months.[49] While guinea pigs can bounce small obstacles, they cannot climb, and are not extremely agile. However, they startle extremely easily, and will any freeze in place for long period or run for cover with speedy, darting motions when they sense jeopardy.[34] Larger groups of startled guinea pigs will "stampede", running in unsystematic directions as a means of confusing predators.[50] When excited, guinea pigs may repeatedly accomplish little hops in the heavens (known as "popcorning"), a movement analogous to the ferret's war salsa.They are also exceedingly good swimmers

Unlike frequent rodents, guinea pigs do not participate contained by social grooming, though they regularly self-groom. A milky-white substance is secreted from their eyes and rubbed into the hair during the grooming process.Groups of boars will normally chew each other's mane, but this is a method of establishing hierarchy inside a group, rather than a social trait. Dominance is also established through biting (especially of the ears), piloerection, aggressive noises, boss thrusts, and leaping attacks. Non-sexual simulated mounting for dominance is also adjectives among same-sex groups.

Guinea pigs have poor verbs, but well-developed senses of hearing and smell. Vocalization is the primary channel of communication between members of the species.Some sounds are

Wheek - A loud pandemonium, the name of which is onomatopoeic, also agreed as a Whistle. An expression of general excitement, it may turn out in response to the presence of its owner or to feed. It is sometimes used to find other guinea pigs if they are running. If a guinea pig is lost, it may wheek for assistance. listen
Bubbling or Purring - This sound is made when the guinea pig is enjoy itself, such as when being petted or held. They may also bring in this sound when grooming, crawling around to investigate a unusual place, or when given food. listen
Rumbling - This sound is usually related to dominance within a group, though it can also come as a response to comfort or contentment. While courting, a masculine usually purrs deeply, swaying and circling the female[60] within a behavior called "rumblestrutting". listen (help·info)
Chutting and Whining - These are sounds made within pursuit situations, by the pursuer and pursuee, respectively. listen
Chattering - This sound is made by speedily gnashing the teeth, and is generally a sign of caution. Guinea pigs tend to raise their head when making this sound.
Squealing or Shrieking - A shrill sound of discontent, within response to pain or trouble. listen
Chirping - This less-common sound, liken to bird song, seems to be related to stress. Very once in a while, the chirping will last for several second.

Health

Common ailments in domestic guinea pigs include respiratory infections, diarrhea, scurvy (vitamin C less, typically characterized by sluggishness), abscesses due to infection (often within the neck, due to hay deep-seated in the throat, or from external scratches), and infections by lice, mites or fungus.[86]

Mange mites (Trixacarus caviae) are a adjectives cause of fleece loss, and other symptoms may also include excessive scratching, unusually aggressive behavior when touched (due to pain), and, surrounded by some instances, seizures.[87] Guinea pigs may also suffer from "running lice" (Gliricola porcelli), a small white insect which can be see moving through the hair; the eggs of these lice, which appear as black or white specks attached to the fuzz, are sometimes referred to as "static lice". Other causes of fuzz loss can be due to hormonal upsets caused by underlying medical conditions such as ovarian cysts.[88]

Foreign bodies, especially small pieces of hay or straw, can become lodged contained by the eyes of guinea pigs, resulting in excessive blinking, tear, and in some cases an cloudy film over the eye due to corneal spot.[89] Hay or straw dust will also cause sneezing. While it is average for guinea pigs to sneeze periodically, frequent sneezing may be a symptom of pneumonia, especially in response to atmospheric change. Pneumonia may also be accompanied by torticollis and can be incurable.[90]

Because the guinea pig has a stout, compact body, the animal more smoothly tolerates excessive cold than excessive heat.[91] Its typical body temperature is 101–104 °F (38.5–40 °C),[92] and so its just the thing ambient air warmth range is similar to the human's, going on for 65–75 °F (18–24 °C).[91] Consistent ambient temperatures surrounded by excess of 90 °F (32 °C) have be linked to hyperthermia and departure, especially among pregnant sows.[91] Guinea pigs are not well suited to environments that facet wind or frequent drafts,[93] and respond poorly to extremes of humidity outside of the compass of 30–70%.[94]

Guinea pigs are prey animals whose survival instinct is to mask twinge and signs of illness, and lots times health problems may not be adjectives until a condition is severe or in its advanced stages. Treatment of disease is made more difficult by the extreme sensitivity guinea pigs enjoy to most antibiotics, including penicillin, which kill sour the intestinal flora and quickly bring on episodes of diarrhea and demise.[95]

Similar to the inherited genetic diseases of other breeds of animal (such as hip dysplasia within canines), a number of genetic abnormality of guinea pigs have be reported. Most commonly, the roan coloration of Abyssinian guinea pigs is associated with congenital eye disorders and problems beside the digestive system.[96] Other genetic disorders include "waltzing disease" (deafness coupled with a partiality to run in circles), palsy, and tremor conditions.[97]

Diet

Grass is the guinea pig's innate diet. Their molars are particularly suited for grinding plant concern, and grow continuously throughout the animal's life.[71] Most grass-eating mammals are comparatively large and enjoy a long digestive tract; while guinea pigs have much longer colons than most rodents, they must also supplement their diet by coprophagy, the drinking of their own feces.[72] However, they do not consume all their feces indiscriminately, but produce special soft pellet, called cecotropes, which recycle B vitamins, fiber, and microbes required for proper digestion.[73] The cecotropes (or caecal pellets) are eaten directly from the anus, unless the guinea pig is pregnant or obese.[46] They share this manner with rabbits. In elder boars (the condition is rarer in youthful ones), the muscles which allow the softer pellets to be expelled from the anus for consumption can become unsubstantiated. This creates a condition known as anal impaction, which prevents the boar from redigesting cecotropes, though harder pellet may pass through the impacted mass.[74] The condition may be temporarily alleviated by cautiously expelling the impacted feces.

Guinea pigs benefit from feeding on fresh grass hay, such as timothy hay, within addition to food pellet which are often base from timothy. Alfalfa is also a popular food choice; most guinea pigs will eat immense amounts of alfalfa when offered it,[75] though there exists some controversy over the feed of alfalfa to adult guinea pigs. Some pet owners and veterinary organization have advise that, as a legume rather than a grass hay, alfalfa consumed within large amounts may front to obesity, as powerfully as bladder stones due to excess calcium, in any but pregnant and greatly young guinea pigs.[76][77] However, published medical sources mention alfalfa as a source for replenishment of protein, amino acids and fiber.[78][79]

Like humans, but unlike most other mammals, guinea pigs cannot synthesize their own vitamin C and must obtain this fundamental nutrient from food. If guinea pigs do not ingest enough vitamin C, they can suffer from potentially incurable scurvy. Guinea pigs require about 10 mg of vitamin C day by day (20 mg if pregnant), which can be obtained through fresh, untouched fruits and vegetables (such as apple, broccoli, cabbage, carrot, celery, and spinach) or through dietary supplements.[80] Healthy diets for guinea pigs require a complex balance of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and hydrogen ions; mediocre amounts of vitamins E, A, and D are also necessary.[81] Imbalanced diets hold been associated next to muscular dystrophy, metastatic calcification, difficulties with pregnancy, vitamin deficiency, and teeth problems.[82] Guinea pigs tend to be fickle eaters when it comes to fresh fruits and vegetables, having scholarly early surrounded by life what is and is not appropriate to consume, and their behaviour are difficult to change after old age.[83] They do not respond well to sudden change in diet; they may stop ingestion and starve rather than accepting trial food types.[52] A constant supply of hay or other food is generally recommended, as guinea pigs nurture continuously and may develop habits such as chewing on their own tresses if food is not present.[84] Because guinea pigs' teeth grow constantly, they routinely gnaw, lest their teeth become too substantial for their mouth, a common problem surrounded by rodents.[38] Guinea pigs will also chew on cloth, paper, plastic, and rubber.

A number of plants are poisonous to guinea pigs, including bracken, bryony, buttercup, charlock, dangerous nightshade, foxglove, hellebore, hemlock, lily of the valley, mayweed, monkshood, potato, privet, ragwort, rhubarb, speedwell, toadflax and raging celery.[85] Additionally, any plant which grows from a bulb (e.g., tulip and onion) is normally considered poisonous,[85] as are adjectives types of fungi.

Breeding

The guinea pig is able to breed year-round, near birth peaks usually coming contained by the spring; as many as five litters can be produced per year.[6] The gestation time of year lasts from 59–72 days, next to an average of 63–68 days.[41] Because of the long gestation period and the full-size size of the pups, pregnant females may become large and eggplant-shaped, although the correct in size and shape vary. Newborn pups are well-developed with hackle, teeth, claws and partial eyesight;[52] they are immediately mobile, and instigate eating solid food in a jiffy, though they continue to suckle. Litters give up 1–6 pups, with an average of three;[27] the largest record litter size is 17.[61] In smaller litters, difficulties may occur during job due to over-sized pups. Large litters result in high incidences of stillbirth, but because the pups are delivered at an advanced stage of nouns, lack of access to the mother's milk have little effect on the mortality rate of newborns.[62] Cohabitating females assist surrounded by mothering duties if lactating.[63]


Guinea pig pup at eight hours oldMale and female guinea pigs do not differ surrounded by external appearance apart from general size. The position of the anus is highly close to the genitals in both sexes. Female genitals are distinguished by a Y-shaped configuration formed from a vulvar flap; while the masculine genitals may look similar with the penis and anus forming a approaching shape, the penis will protrude if pressure is applied to the surrounding hair.[64] The male's testes may also be perceptible externally from scrotal swelling.

Males reach sexual later life at 3–5 weeks; females can be fertile as early as four weeks and can take litters before they are adults.[65] Females that hold never given birth commonly develop irreversible fusing of the pubic symphysis, a joint within the pelvis, after six months of age.[41] If they become pregnant after this has happen, the birth canal will not make wider sufficiently; this may lead to dystocia and release as they attempt to give birth.[66] Females can become pregnant 6–48 hours after giving birth, but it is not hearty for a female to be thus constantly pregnant.[67]

Toxemia of pregnancy is adjectives and kills frequent pregnant females. Signs of toxemia include anorexia, lack of vigour, excessive salivation, a sweet or fruity breath odor due to ketones, and seizures within advanced cases.[68] Pregnancy toxemia appears to be most common contained by hot climates.[69] Other serious complications of pregnancy can include a prolapsed uterus, hypocalcemia, and mastitis


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